wooden bench outdoor furniture

Best Wood For Outdoor Furniture: Top-16 Choices

When it comes to purchasing or DIY-ing your outdoor wood furniture, the most important factor to consider is which type of wood to use. Different woods withstand different levels of weathering. Their resins, finishes, and characteristics make some a good fit for outdoor weather conditions, while others aren’t. It’s important to select the right type for your needs. If you’re looking to update your wooden outdoor furniture, the 16 wood species mentioned here are excellent choices for your outdoor space.

acadia woodAcacia

Acacia is a large genus of trees and shrubs found in tropical and subtropical regions all over the world. Some species of acacia are native to Australia, while others are found in Africa, Asia, and South America.

Acacia wood can vary in color and hardness. However, most species of acacia have a yellow or pale reddish color and a coarse texture. Acacias are usually hardwood, which means that they can be difficult to cut through because the wood is dense.

This also makes it a popular choice for furniture making because it is strong and durable. Acacia’s high oil content makes it very resistant to moisture and acts as a natural pest repellent. Acacia furniture can last for many years if it is well-maintained.

white oakWhite Oak

White oak is a white-colored wood that has been used in many applications over the years. It is most commonly found throughout North America and is called white because of its white color, which can range from pale gray to yellowish brown. The white oak tree is known for being strong and durable with a closed grain making it resistant to staining and shrinking. It’s much less porous than its cousin red oak.

White oak wood is used to make furniture, flooring, cabinetry, and other woodworking products. It is also a popular choice for barrels that are used in the aging of bourbon and other liquors because of its ability to impart flavor while protecting the contents from oxygen exposure.

White oak has been used as a long-lasting building material for centuries and is a popular choice for flooring. While it can be expensive due to its limited supply, it lasts much longer than other woods such as pine or spruce which means the investment pays off over time.

jarrah wood grain sampleJarrah

Jarrah wood, from Australia, and known for its super strength and as a long-lasting wood, making it great for outdoor furniture. This wood has a nice reddish color and ages very well. It doesn’t get damaged by insects or rot, and it doesn’t need a lot of care. The wood’s natural oils keep it from getting water damage. Jarrah is tough enough for everyday use and adds a stylish touch to outdoor spaces. Its mix of strength, easy care, and good looks make it a smart choice for outdoor furniture.

black locustBlack Locust

Black locust is a type of hardwood that is native to the eastern United States. The wood is heavy and strong, making it ideal for furniture and other large home construction projects.

Black locust is very weather resistant and won’t decay easily, making it a popular choice for outdoor projects. Although black locust can be challenging to work with, the end result is a beautiful and sturdy piece of furniture or construction project.

If you’re interested in using black locust wood, be sure to consult with a professional before starting your project. Black locust wood is a great choice for any project!

ipe wood boardIpe

Ipe (Brazilian Walnut) is a Brazilian wood that has been gaining in popularity. It is known for its durability and resistance to the elements, making it perfect for any outdoor furniture project. Ike is a beautiful wood that has a reddish hue, giving it a warm look that will compliment any backyard.

teak woodTeak

Teak is another popular choice when looking for the best woods for outdoor furniture projects. This low-maintenance, durable hardwood looks great with virtually any design.

Teak wood is best used in warm climates where it can soak up lots of sun. Its natural oils make it highly water resistant, which means it won’t bend and warp as other woods might. Some of the most common teak furniture include Adirondack chairs, picnic tables, and outdoor cabinets. Stop by any local hardware store or furniture outlet, and you’ll be sure to find garden furniture made from teak.

mahogany woodMahogany

Mahogany is a classic choice for indoor furniture, and it’s no different when it comes to outdoor pieces. It has a beautiful reddish hue that will weather well over time and resist pests and decay. Mahogany is a hardwood and is best used in outdoor pieces where it can soak up lots of sun and be left outside for long periods such as decks, chairs, and tables.

Mahogany furniture is often expensive due to the high quality and durability of the wood. Mahogany is prized for its color, which can range from a light pinkish-brown to a dark reddish-brown, and its fine grain.

red cedarCedar

Cedar is one of the most popular choices for furniture and outdoor use because of its natural rot resistance to decay and termites. Cedar trees are found in many parts of the world, but the cedar most commonly used for lumber is western red cedar, which has a tight grain and reddish color. Cedar is also fragrant, adding a pleasant aroma to whatever it is used to construct.

Cedar has been used for centuries in a variety of applications. The cedars of Lebanon were famously mentioned in the Bible, and cedar lumber was used to build some of America’s earliest homes. Today, cedar is still popular for furniture and building projects because of its natural beauty and durability.

You can find cedar used in houses, boat building, patio furniture, roofs, cabinetry, and many other places. You won’t find a more durable and popular wood than cedar for your outdoor furniture.

shorea woodShorea

Shorea is a popular, eco-friendly hardwood that is often used for furniture and other wooden items. It is a highly durable wood with beautiful grain which makes it a popular choice for many homeowners.

Shorea wood is often called “The King of Hardwoods” because it has a high hardness-to-weight ratio. It ranks among the hardest woods in the world with an average Janka score between 1300-1700 PSI. This makes shorea wood a popular choice for outdoor furniture, flooring, and other high-traffic items. Shorea wood is also known for its beautiful grain pattern. The wood has a reddish hue with some darker streaks that can add character to any space.

Shorea furniture is often marketed as an affordable alternative to mahogany furniture. In fact, shorea is sometimes called “mahogany light” because of its similar appearance and properties. Shorea furniture is also known for being durable and long-lasting. If you are looking for an affordable, beautiful, and durable option for your outdoor furniture needs, then Shorea Wood may be the perfect choice for you.

cypress woodCypress

Cypress is a North American wood that is native to the southern part of the United States. It has a natural resistance to decay and pests, making it an ideal choice for outdoor furniture. Cypress also has a beautiful natural color that will weather well over time. Due to its natural oils, Cypress is rot and insect-resistant.

Eucalyptus woodEucalyptus

Eucalyptus wood is prized for its toughness, durability, and beautiful grain patterns. It is a sturdy and durable wood that can be used in many different ways.

Eucalyptus is a popular choice for outdoor furniture, flooring, and other construction projects. The wood is strong and resists pests and decay, making it a good option for outdoor use. It also has a pleasant smell that many people find appealing. Eucalyptus furniture is often more expensive than other types of wood furniture, but it is a good investment because it will last for many years.


Another wood native to the United States, redwood is known for its strength against decay and pests as well as its natural beauty. Redwood can come in a variety of colors, so it’s easy to find one that will match your backyard décor.

White redwood is a strong and versatile wood; it is a softwood and is susceptible to dings and dents, so use it in low-traffic areas and on pieces that won’t get overused too quickly.


Oak is a classic choice for furniture, and it’s no different when it comes to outdoor pieces. It has a beautiful reddish hue that will weather well over time and resist pests and decay.

Oak is strong and durable. It can be stained or painted to create a variety of looks. Furniture made from oak typically has a classic look that will stand the test of time. Wood pulp, plywood, and chipboard are popular uses for oak lumber.


Pine is a popular wood for furniture because it is affordable and easy to find. As a softwood, pine isn’t as durable as some of the other options on this list. However, it still looks great and is perfect for those on a budget.

Pine doesn’t have the same natural oil content as some of the other woods, so it’s recommended to use a sealer every two years for an extra layer of protection.


Walnut wood is a gorgeous hardwood that grows in temperate climates. It can grow in any of three main ways: as a freestanding tree, as part of the Juglans genus (a group of trees), or as part of the Fagus genus (another group).

Traditionally, walnut furniture is made from black walnut wood. The heartwood has an attractive, dark brown color with a slight reddish hue. On its own or combined with lighter wood tones in the same piece of furniture, it’s an excellent choice for home decoration.

Walnut wood can be used to make a variety of different items, including cabinets, tables, chairs, dressers, headboards, and more. While some pieces require you to use walnut veneer on top of another type of hardwood (like plywood), walnut itself is sometimes used to build furniture items.

Walnut is usually medium to heavy in weight and density but can vary based on where it was grown and how it was dried after being cut from the tree. It is very durable and strong, which makes it ideal for furniture.

Walnut lumber is available in a variety of widths and thicknesses, making it perfect for furniture-making. You can also find walnut dowels, which can be used to create unique designs with contrasting colors.

When working with walnut wood, it’s important to know that the sapwood (the lighter-colored wood near the bark) is not as strong and durable as the heartwood. The sapwood is also more prone to rot, so it’s important to seal it properly before using it in any construction project.

It’s also important to note that walnut trees can be susceptible to many types of rot and decay, so regular protection with a sealant is highly recommended when using walnut for outdoor furniture.

maple woodMaple

Maple wood is a hardwood that has been used for outdoor projects for centuries. There are many varieties of maple that can be found all over the world, including North America and Asia.

Maple wood is a popular choice for furniture because it is strong and durable. It also has a beautiful grain which makes it a popular choice for flooring, cabinetry, and other decorative items.

Maple trees are generally not affected by pests or diseases, making them a desirable choice for lumber. When selecting maple wood, be sure to choose a piece with a beautiful grain and few knots. This will ensure that your furniture or other projects will look great for many years to come.

A quick note on treated wood

Wood treatments and preservatives are commonly used to prolong the life of wood types that aren’t as naturally resilient to weathering and use.

Commonly used for outdoor furniture is pressure treatment (done professionally) or non-pressure surface finishes which can be applied at home; however, these may not last as long compared with naturally rot-resistant woods such as redwood and cedar. Even though they receive appropriate care in order to prevent damage from occurring early on – especially through dry conditions – eventually even treated woods like maple will show signs sooner than later due to both their material makeup but also because it lacks some natural protection mechanism against cracking/warping over time.

The type of wood you use for your outdoor furniture project will have a big impact on how long it lasts. With this information, you’re ready to get started on your next outdoor furniture project.

About Peter Jacobs

Peter Jacobs is the Senior Director of Marketing at CNC Masters, a leading supplier of CNC mills, milling machines, and CNC lathes. He is actively involved in manufacturing processes and regularly contributes his insights for various blogs in CNC machining, 3D printing, rapid tooling, injection molding, metal casting, and manufacturing in general. You can connect with him on his LinkedIn.

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29. Create a Peck Drilling Program in Circular or Rectangular Patterns
Using the Circular or Rectangular Drilling Wizards, you can program the machine to drill an un-limited series of holes along the X and Y planes. Program it to drill straight through to your total depth, use a high-speed pecking cycle, or deep hole pecking cycle. You can program the cut-in depth and return point for a controlled peck drill application to maximize chip clearance.

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20. Change up to 30 tools with compensation, and store your tool offsets for other programs
The MX supports…

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21. Use the optional ATC rack up to 8 tools for milling, drilling, and rigid tapping applications
The CNC Masters Automatic Tool Changer Rack and Tools (US Patent 9,827,640B2) can be added to any CNC Masters Milling Machine built with the rigid tapping encoder option. The tutorial will guide you through the set-up procedure using the ATC tools.

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22. Use the optional Rigid Tapping Wizard without the need for tapping head attachments
When you order your CNC Masters machine, have it built with the optional rigid tapping encoder. You can take any drill cycle program and replace the top line with a tapping code created by the wizard to tap your series of holes up to 1/2” in diameter.

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23. Use the optional Digital Probe to scan the profile and/or pockets of your fun/hobby type designs to write your tool path program and machine out a duplicate of your original design To “surface” scan an object, you can program the probe along the X or Y plane. The stylus will travel over the part starting on the left side front corner of the object and work its way to the end of the part on the right side. Depending on how the stylus moves, it will record linear and interpolated movements along the X, Y, and Z planes directly on the MX Editor.
To “pocket” scan an object containing a closed pocket such as circles or squares, the scan will start from the top front, work its way inside of the pocket, and scan the entire perimeter of the pocket.
Under the Setup of the MX software you will find the Probe Tab which will allow you to calibrate and program your probe. Your “Probe Step”, “Feed”, and “Data Filter” can also be changed on the fly while the probe is in the middle of scanning your object.

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24. Use work offsets G54-G59 for nesting applications
The work offsets offer you a way to program up to six different machining locations. It’s like having multiple 0.0 locations for different parts. This is very useful especially when using sub-routines/nesting applications.

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25. Create a Rectangular Pocket / Slot with our selection of Wizards to help you build a tool path program
The Cycle Wizards for the mill or lathe makes it easy to create a simple tool path without needing to use a CAD and CAM software.
On this Wizard, the Rectangular Pocket / Slots, can be used to form a deep rectangular pocket into your material or machine a slot duplicating as many passes needed to its total depth.

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26. Create a Circular Pocket Wizard
Input the total diameter, the step down, and total depth and the code will be generated.

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27. Do Thread Milling using a single point cutter Wizard

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28. Cut a gear out using the Cut Gear Wizard with the optional Fourth Axis

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19. Disable the axis motors to manually hand crank each axis into place
Easily de-energize the axis motors by clicking [Disable Motors] to crank each axis by hand, and then press [Reset Control] to re-energize the axis motors.

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30. The MX interface can easily be interchanged from Mill Mode to Lathe Mode
Use this interface for your CNC Masters Lathe. It contains all the same user-friendly features and functions that comes in Mill Mode. Simply go to the Setup page and change the interface.

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31. Use Tool Change Compensation or the optional Auto Tool Changer Turret if your application requires more than one tool in a single program
You can offset the length and angle of each tool and record it under Tools in your Setup. The program will automatically pause the lathe’s movement and spindle allowing you to change out your tool, or allowing the optional ATC Turret to quickly turn to its next tool and continue machining.
On the MX interface, you also have four Tool Position buttons. Select your desired T position, and the auto tool post will quickly turn and lock itself to that position.

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32. Use the Lathe Wizard Threading Cycle to help you program your lathe’s internal or external threads in inches or metric

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33. Use the Lathe Wizard Turning / Boring Cycle to help you program simple turning and boring cycles without having to go through a CAM or writing a long program with multiple passes

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34. Use the Lathe Wizard Peck Drilling Cycle to help you program your drill applications or for face grooving

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35. Facing / Grooving / Part Off Cycle Wizards – with Constant Surface Speed
These cycles can be used with Constant Surface Speed allowing the spindle speed to increase automatically as the diameter of the part decreases giving your application a consistent workpiece finish. With CSS built into the wizard, there is no need to break down the cycle into multiple paths and multiple spindle speed changes.

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36. This is our list of supported G and M codes which can be found under Tools > G Code/ M Code List in the MX
If you plan to use a third-party CAM software to generate your tool path program, use a generic FANUC post processor and edit it to match our list of codes. As an option, we also sell Visual mill/turn CAM software which comes with a guaranteed post processor for our machines to easily generate your tool path programs based on your CAD drawings.

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37. Our pledge to you…

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10. Run each tool path independently to study its movement
1. Run the machine on Trace mode. You can run each tool path independently, one line at a time to study the tool path movement on the machine to verify the position of the application and if any fixture/vise is in the way of the cutter’s path.

2. You can also verify your program by clicking on the Trace and Draw buttons together. This will allow you to view each tool path independently one line at a time in the Draw Window.

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2. Clutter Free Interface
The MX is engineered for the CNC MASTERS machine so you do not have to fiddle with a detailed complicated configuration that can be overwhelming. Just load in the MX and start machining!2. Clutter Free Interface
The MX is engineered for the CNC MASTERS machine so you do not have to fiddle with a detailed complicated configuration that can be overwhelming. Just load in the MX and start machining!

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3. Features Tour and Tutorials Included
The Features Tour will give you a quick run-down on all the features the MX can do for you. The Tutorials are easy to follow even for the first time CNC machinist.
Feel free to download the MX on any of your computers. We recommend downloading the MX along with your CAD and CAM software there at the comfort of your office computer to generate your tool path programs. You don’t need to be hooked up to the machine either to test your program in simulation mode.

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4. Navigate and Edit Your Program through the MX interface with Ease
With a few clicks of the mouse or using touch screen technology, you can easily navigate through the MX interface importing saved programs into the Editor from the File drop down menu. Using standard windows features to edit your program you can then lock the Editor Screen to avoid accidental editing, and if you need to insert a line in the middle of a program, just click on [ReNum] to re-number your tool path list.
You can create a program or import CAM generated G-code tool paths into the Editor
The X Y and Z W arrow jog buttons are displayed from the point of view of the cutter to avoid confusion when the table and saddle are moving. You can also adjust your spindle speed and coolant control while jogging each axis.

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5. Feed Hold – Pause in the Middle of your Program
Feed Hold lets you pause in the middle of a program. From there you can step through your program one line at time while opting to shut the spindle off and then resume your program.
You can also write PAUSE in the middle of your program and jog each axis independently while your program is in pause mode.

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6. Hot Keys
Hot Keys is an alternative method to easily control your machine using your hard or touch screen keyboard. One can press P to pause a program, press S to turn Spindle On, G to run a program, Space Bar to Stop, J to record your individual movements one line at a time to create a program in teach mode.

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7. Pick Menu – for conversational mode programming
Write FANUC style G-codes directly into the Editor or select commands off the [Pick] menu and write your tool path program in conversational mode such as what is written in the Editor box. You can even mix between conversation commands and G-codes in the same program.

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8. Pick Menu List of Options
Use commands such as MOVE, SPINDLE ON/OFF, COOLANT ON/OFF, PAUSE, DELAY, GO HOME…. to write your tool path programs in conversational mode.

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9. Draw the Tool Path to verify it before pressing Go
Hit Draw to view your tool path program drawing, check out its run time, or even simulate the tool path in 3D mode. This can be helpful to quickly verify your program before running it. You can also slow down or speed up the drawing or simulation process.
You can also hit Go within the Draw Window itself to verify the cutter’s position on the machine. The current tool path will be highlighted and simultaneously draw out the next path so you can verify what the cutter will be doing next on the program.

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MX Software – Easy to Use, Easy to Learn – Included with your machine purchase
The MX software is designed to work seamlessly with your CNC Masters machine. It is made to work with Windows PC – desktop, laptop, or an all in one – on standard USB. Use it on Windows 8 or 10 64-bit operating systems.
No internal conversion printer/serial port to USB software or additional conversion hardware is used with the MX.

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11. Counters display in Inches or Millimeters – Continuous Feed
1. When running a program, the counters will display a “real-time” readout while the machine is in CNC operation without counting ahead of the movement.
2. The current tool path is highlighted while the machine is in operation without causing slight interruptions/pauses as the software feeds the tool path to the machine. The MX internally interprets a program ten lines ahead to allow for “continuous machining” avoiding slight interruptions as the machine waits for its next tool path command.
3. “Run Time” tells you how long it takes to run your tool path program.

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12. Use the “Go From Line” command to start in the middle of your program
If you ever need to begin your program from somewhere in the middle of it, use [Go From Line] which you can find under Tools. The Help guide will walk you through how to position the cutter without losing its position on the machine.

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13. Exact Motion Distance without over-stepping on an axis while jogging
Use “Relative ON” to enter a specific coordinate to jog any of your axes to an exact location without having to write a program. It’s like using “power feed” but easier. You can jog an exact distance on any of the axes without needing to keep the key pressed down and mistakenly over-step the movement releasing your finger too slowly off the jog button.
Let’s say you need to drill a hole exactly 0.525” using the Z. So you enter 0.525 in the Z box. Next, adjust the JOG FEED RATE slider for the desired feed rate. Then “click once” on the +Z or -Z button to activate the travel. In this case you click once the -Z button first to drill the hole exactly 0.525”. Then click once on the +Z button to drive the axis back up 0.525”.

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14. Teach Mode – Jog Input
You can create a tool path program by storing each point-to-point movement by simply jogging an axis one at a time. Click on either of the Jog Input buttons to store each movement on the Editor Screen. You can then add Spindle ON, feed commands, and press GO to run the new program as needed. This is a great feature to help you learn to create a program by the movements you make on the machine without necessarily writing out an entire program first.

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15. Override on the fly to adjust the Jog Feed to Rapid or the Spindle Speed during the middle of a program
1. Jog Feed and Rapid with Override: You can adjust feeds using the slider from slow minimum 0.1″ per minute to a rapid of 100″ per minute of travel. You can even micro-step your jog as low as 0.01”/min. The [-][+] buttons allow you to fine tune feeds in 5% increments while the program is in motion.
2. Spindle Speed with Override: You can adjust speeds using the slider from a slow minimum RPM to the max RPM according to the machine setup. The [-][+] buttons allow you to fine tune feeds in 5% increments while the program is in motion.

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16. Adjust Counters using Pre-Set if you cannot begin the program from 0.00
In a situation where you cannot begin your cutter at it’s 0.00 location, you can “Pre-Set” directly into the counters by typing in your beginning coordinate. You can press Go from here to run your program. You can also “zero all” or “zero” your counters independently. With one click of the [Return to 0.0] button, all axes will travel back to its respective 0.0 on the machine.

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17. Set and Save your 0.00 position for future runs
Set and save your 0.00 position on the machine. These coordinates will be recorded as the first line of the program in the Editor Screen. Should you desire to return to this program at a later date, you only have to click on the Set Zero Return button. This will command the machine to automatically jog each axis to its saved “set” 0.00 position according to the recorded coordinates at the first line of the program.

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18. Create a “Home” position to clear your application and run multiple times
Let’s say you need to machine one application times 100 pieces. This usually requires a jig to retain that physical 0.00 position. But in this case, you want the program to end with a clearance of the axes to easily switch out the next piece of stock and start again. With Save Home, you have the ability to save this offset (home) position while still retaining your Set Zero position where the machine will mill your part out. Pressing [Save Home] will record this new position under the Set Zero line in your program.
Pressing [Go Home] will jog your axes back to your “saved home” position where you originally pressed the Save Home command. You can also input GO_HOME from the Pick Menu as its own tool path in your program. At the completion of your program the axes will end at your Home position. Replace your part, then press [Return to 0.0] button to allow the axes to return to its zero position, and press Go to start your next run.

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